Researchers have since a long time ago considered the hereditary contrasts between food grown from the ground flies that live barely a puddle hop separated in a characteristic environment known as "Evolution Canyon" in Mount Carmel, Israel.
Presently, a worldwide group of specialists headed by researchers with the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech have looked into the DNA of these nearly related flies to uncover how these creatures have had the capacity to adjust and get by in such close, yet to a great degree of distinctive, ecologies.
One reason lies in a startling plenitude of dull DNA components that, up to this point, were viewed as minimal more than unused letters in an expression amusement. The clarification will be distributed in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
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"We've come to understand that not all repeat sequences are junk DNA," said Pawel Michalak, an associate professor at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute. "These repetitive sequences are increasingly being recognized as agents of adaptive change. We discovered a larger than expected amount of genetic variation in these repeating sequences between the fly populations and saw that the variation resulted in potentially functional differences in important biological processes, such as stress resistance and mating."
"The first shocker was the sheer volume of genetic variation due to the dynamics of mobile elements, including coding and regulatory genomic regions, and the second was amount of population-specific insertions of transposable DNA elements," Michalak said. "Roughly 50 percent of the insertions were population unique."
The field of synthetic biology is garnering importance due to its advantages and breakthroughs that it provides. There is research report on Big market research, which predicts the global synthetic biology market to reach $38.7 billion by 2020.